UNICEF

The '''United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations agency responsible for providing humanitarian and developmental aid to children around the world. It was established in 1946 as the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund''' by the U.N. General Assembly, at the behest of Polish physician Ludwik Rajchman, to provide immediate hunger relief and healthcare to children and mothers in countries devastated by World War II. In 1950, UNICEF's mandate was extended to address the long-term needs of children and women in developing countries, and in 1953 it became a permanent part of the United Nations System. The agency's name was subsequently changed to its current form, though it retains the original acronym.

UNICEF relies entirely on contributions from governments and private donors. Its total income as of 2018 was $5.2 billion, of which two-thirds came from governments; private groups and individuals contribute the rest through national committees. It is governed by a 36-member executive board that establishes policies, approves programs, and oversees administrative and financial plans. The board is made up of government representatives elected by the United Nations Economic and Social Council, usually for three-year terms.

UNICEF's programs emphasize developing community-level services to promote the health and well-being of children. Most of its work is in the field, with a presence in 192 countries and territories. Its network includes 150 country offices, headquarters and other offices, and 34 "national committees" that carry out its mission through programs developed with host governments. Seven regional offices provide technical assistance to country offices as needed.

UNICEF's Supply Division is based in Copenhagen and serves as the primary point of distribution for such essential items as vaccines, antiretroviral medicines for children and mothers with HIV, nutritional supplements, emergency shelters, family reunification, and educational supplies. UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965, the Indira Gandhi Prize in 1989 and the Prince of Asturias Award of Concord in 2006. Provided by Wikipedia
1

article
by UNICEF
Published in 1992
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
2

article
by UNICEF
Published in 1993
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
3

article
by UNICEF
Published in 1992
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
4

article
Published in 1988
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
5

article
by UNICEF
Published in 1992
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
6

article
by UNICEF
Published in 1994
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
7

article
by UNICEF
Published in 1993
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
8

article
by UNICEF
Published in 1992
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
9

article
by UNICEF
Published in 1992
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
10

article
by Unicef
Published in 2004
Repository Repositorio Banco Central del Ecuador
12

article
Published in 1993
Repository Revista CHASQUI
13

14

article
Published in 1991
Repository Revista CHASQUI
16

article
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
17

article
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales
18

article
Repository Repositorio Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales